Captagon-The Smart Drug Benefits, Uses and Side Effects

Captagon-The Smart Drug Benefits, Uses and Side Effects

The human brain holds fascination for many experts, and there is always interest in finding ways to boost the capabilities of the brain and the mind.

If you have seen the movie Limitless, you will know that the plot line involved a drug that boosted human intelligence and brain power beyond any previous limitations.

The closest scientists have come to replicating this is the development of so-called ‘smart drugs’ called nootropics, which can boost cognitive abilities when used correctly.

Nootropics are being increasingly used around the world by students and those in the competitive business world, among others, to boost learning ability, improve memory function, enhance focus and concentration, and to improve verbal and written communication skills.

According to research, 1 in 5 people have used these drugs for non-medical purposes.

 

What are nootropics?

Nootropics are drugs that, when taken as a supplement, can enhance cognitive ability. They are known to boost memory and concentration, and so they are popular among students when they are studying.

Nootropics are often referred to as “smart drugs” because they have this ability to boost intelligence, focus, and mental energy.

Some drugs of this type can cause negative side effects with long-term use, but nootropics are safe, neuroprotective and there are little or no side effects associated with use.

Many nootropics work in a similar way, by increasing communication between neurons in the brain, promoting healthy brain cells, and balancing the levels of neurotransmitters, the chemical messengers in the brain.

 

When did nootropics originate?

The first nootropic, Piracetam, was invented in 1963 by Belgian pharmacologists. They stated that the compound boosted cognition but was not toxic, unlike other brain stimulants.

Piracetam is one of the best-known nootropics and is part of the Racetam family along with Aniracetam, Phenylpiracetam, Pramiracetam, Oxiracetam, Nefiracetam, Coluracetam and Nebracetam. These are all synthetic compounds, but there are also a number of effective herbal and natural nootropic supplements.

Fish oil, grape seed extract, bacopa monnieri, yerba mate and even liquorice have all been hailed as natural nootropics.

 

How do nootropics work?

Can it make a user ‘superhuman?’

Nootropics work on the brain by increasing the levels and signalling ability of the neurotransmitters. Neurotransmitters are chemical messengers in the brain, and when they are able to send their signals more efficiently, concentration will be better, mood will be better, you will have a better attention span, and more capacity for mental work. Eventually, nootropics cause an improvement to the health and functioning of your brain.

Some nootropics act as vasodilators, which means they increase the blood flow to your brain. This supplies the brain with more oxygen, nutrients, and glucose, which it needs when you need to focus for long periods.

The brain requires a large amount of energy to function well, sustain consciousness and to remain focused. It uses 20% of your energy expenditure.

When you are performing mental work, and having to stay focused and alert, this uses up a lot of energy. By improving brain circulation, and the flow of oxygen to the brain, you will notice that your memory and focus is better.

Some natural nootropics can supply the brain cells with energy, and they are popular, as they tend to act on the brain immediately. These include L-Carnitine, Caffeine, Creatine, and Ginkgo Biloba.

Nootropics can also help to protect the brain against the effects of age-related degeneration. They can actually stimulate the growth of new neurons, which could prevent disorders like Alzheimer’s disease from developing.

 

The different types of nootropics

The different types of nootropics

Even though the available choices of nootropics work on the brain in a similar way, side effects, and the potential for abuse differ widely.

With nootropics, prescription drugs like Adderall, Ritalin and Dexedrine are stimulants that are mainly used to treat ADHD. They can enhance focus and concentration, but aren’t necessarily all-round cognitive enhancers.

Modafinil is another prescription drug which is used to treat sleep disorders such as narcolepsy. It’s popular among users of smart drugs, as it promotes wakefulness, motivation, focus, and concentration. Users always report much better productivity. This comes at a price however, in terms of side effects and the potential for users to develop a tolerance to it, which ultimately makes it less effective. It’s also insanely expensive, and in the US, a 30-day supply can set you back between $550-900.

 

Other smart drugs

 

Adrafinil

In the 1980s, scientists who were trying to develop a treatment for narcolepsy discovered Adrafinil. Adrafinil is converted by the liver into Modafinil. Once the scientists were able to make Modafinil directly, they did not need to Adrafinil, and they stopped producing it. However, some other researchers around the world began to produce it. It costs much less than Modafinil, and it provides the same level of wakefulness and mental clarity.

 

Piracetam

Piracetam is thought to boost the function of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine

The racetam family of smart drugs are the most commonly used nootropics. The racetams include Piracetam, Aniracetam, Oxiracetam, Pramiracetam and Phenylpiracetam.

The drug has been researched and used over a period of 50 years, and it is considered safe, non-toxic, and not addictive. It is an effective cognitive enhancer, which can boost memory, learning capacity, and focus. It also boosts circulation to the brain.

Piracetam is thought to boost the function of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, which is important for memory.

Side effects are uncommon, but some users report a headache and stomach upset. The racetams are often combined with a choline source to reduce the risks of experiencing headaches.

 

Choline

Choline is converted into the important neurotransmitter Acetylcholine in the body, which is involved in memory and muscle control, among other things. It’s possible to get Choline through your diet from foods like almonds, eggs and liver, but many people are deficient.

If there is ample Acetylcholine in the brain, there is improved communication between the neurons in the brain and the nerves.

Choline supplementation can bring about improvements in memory and learning capacity. Users have reported having better recall and focus.

Choline promotes good overall physical and cognitive health, and it has been shown to slow down the ageing process of the brain.

Choline is available in a few different forms, but not all of them are equal. Some Choline supplements are not suitable for the brain as they can’t cross the blood/brain barrier.

 

Noopept

How do nootropics work?

Noopept was discovered by Russian researchers and it is often grouped together with the racetams, though it appears to work differently. It is up to 1000 times more potent than piracetam, so comparatively small doses of just 10-30mg are enough to have an effect.

Noopept can enhance memory, learning, focus and clear thinking. Studies carried out on rats and mice have demonstrated that it may also have neuroprotective qualities.

If you are trying to decide which is best for you, try them one at a time so you can assess what the effects of each are on you.

 

Captagon

 

What is it?

Captagon is one of the brand names for the drug fenethylline, which is a combination of amphetamine and theophylline. The drug relaxes the muscles around the lungs and is commonly used to treat breathing problems. Captagon is classed as a psychostimulant, and is essentially an amphetamine-like drug.  

The combination of the 2 ingredients is inactive in the body, but when the body begins to break the drug down into the sum of its parts, the ingredients become active.

Theophylline is similar to caffeine, but it can also open up a person’s airways, and is sometimes used to treat people with asthma. Amphetamine, on the other hand, is the main psychoactive ingredient in Captagon, he said.

Amphetamines speed the bodily processes up. They produce feelings of pleasure and increased alertness, and they reduce the need for sleep and food.

Captagon is quite mild when compared to amphetamines and other similar drugs. It is actually milder than Adderall.

 

History

A German drugs company first synthesized fenethylline in 1961, and when they discovered that the drug improved alertness, doctors began using it to treat narcolepsy and ADHD. The drug was widely used by the end of the 1960’s, and was used for around 25 years as a milder alternative to amphetamines.

People who use the drug as directed tend to get little or no side effects, but overuse of the drug can cause depression, tiredness, insomnia, heart palpitations and, even blindness and heart attacks. In the 1980s, when it became clear that the drug had a high potential for abuse, the United States and the World Health Organization listed it as a controlled substance, and it is now illegal to buy and sell it throughout most of the world.

However, fenethylline remains popular in the Middle East, particularly in Saudi Arabia, where more Captagon is consumed than in any other country in the world. Though Islamic law forbids the consumption of alcohol and drugs, many people view Captagon as a medicinal substance.

Lebanese authorities arrested a Saudi prince at an airport after two tons of cocaine and Captagon pills, were found on his private plane.

Captagon was once manufactured in Eastern Europe, Turkey, and Lebanon, but now it is mainly made in Syria. It is now the drug of choice for fighters that belong to the so-called Islamic State.

 

Benefits and effects of Captagon

Nootropics are often referred to as smart drugs

Amphetamines and amphetamine-like drugs stimulate the central nervous system, which increases alertness, boosts concentration, and boosts physical performance.

Captagon can keep users awake for long periods of time and can make them feel very energetic and happy. Islamic state fighters have even referred to the drug as ‘chemical courage’. which is why ISIS

But unlike true amphetamines, Captagon does not increase the user’s blood pressure, meaning that it is safer for use for people with cardiovascular issues.  

At low doses, the risk of harmful side effects is low. When the drug is used properly, the risk is no higher than consuming caffeine.

But at higher doses, the negative side effects of amphetamine use start to show.

People who take high doses of such stimulants may not feel like sleeping or eating, which can lead to health problems. These problems are not from the drug itself, rather from the effects of scrimping on food and sleep.

At high doses, the drug has been known to lead to problems such as high blood pressure, stroke, psychosis, and aggression.

 

Can it make a user ‘superhuman?’

Some users report that they feel no pain when taking the drug, though experts dismiss this claim. They say that the drug’s stimulating effect is what makes you focused and less likely to notice pain.

Experts also say that the media’s claims that Islamic state fighters become ‘super soldiers’ after taking it are wildly exaggerated. They point out that if this was true, every army in the world would be giving it to their soldiers.

That is not to say that users don’t believe that the drug makes them superior, because they can believe that it makes them feel that way.

Even though Captagon is not very potent when compared to amphetamines, people who had not really taken drugs before would be affected by it, just as someone who had never consumed alcohol would be affected by a glass of wine.

Experts also say that there is no way of knowing whether it is actually Captagon that the Islamic State fighters are taken and it could actually be amphetamine, there is no way of reliably knowing.

 

Final thoughts

Captagon is one of the brand names for the drug fenethylline

There is a lot that we don’t know about the human brain, but it is agreed upon by experts that we don’t use nearly as much of it as we are probably capable of doing.

In an increasingly competitive business and academic world, people are always looking for ways to boost their cognitive abilities and to push the boundaries of what they are capable of.

If you have seen the movie Limitless, you will know that the film involved a drug that boosted human intelligence and brain power beyond any previous limitations. Anyone who could actually develop this would no doubt become very rich indeed.

The closest we have come to replicating this is the development of ‘smart drugs’ which can boost cognitive abilities when used correctly.

A class of nootropics are being increasingly used around the world by students and those in the competitive business world, among others, to boost learning ability, improve memory function, enhance focus and concentration, and to improve verbal and written communication skills. People feel like they need something that gives them an edge in the modern world. According to research, 1 in 5 people have used these drugs for ‘non-medical’ purposes, and many are widely available, whether by legal means or not.

Nootropics are drugs that, when taken as a supplement, can enhance cognitive ability. They are known to boost memory and concentration, and so they are popular among students when they are studying for exams, for example. It is estimated that at any one time, 14% of students on a college campus will be using smart drugs at exam time, and not only that, to sustain them when they are partying!

Nootropics are often referred to as “smart drugs” because they have the ability to boost intelligence, focus, and mental energy.

Some drugs of this type can cause negative side effects with long-term use or if they are abused, but nootropics are generally safe, neuroprotective and there are little or no side effects associated with use.

Many nootropics work in a similar way to each other, usually by increasing communication between neurons in the brain, promoting healthy brain cells, and balancing the levels of neurotransmitters, the chemical messengers in the brain.

The first nootropic, Piracetam, was invented in 1963 by Belgian pharmacologists. They stated that the compound boosted cognition but was not toxic, unlike other brain stimulants. This was a huge discovery.

Piracetam is one of the best-known nootropics and is part of the Racetam family along with Aniracetam, Phenylpiracetam, Pramiracetam, Oxiracetam, Nefiracetam, Coluracetam and Nebracetam. These are all laboratory produced synthetic compounds, but there are also a number of effective herbal and natural nootropic supplements. Fish oil, grape seed extract, bacopa monnieri, yerba mate and even liquorice have all been hailed as natural nootropics. Even though these are natural, they can have an effect on the brain almost straight away.

Nootropics work on the brain by increasing the levels and signalling ability of the neurotransmitters. Neurotransmitters are the chemical messengers in the brain, and when they are able to send their signals more efficiently, concentration will be better, mood will be better, you will have a better attention span, and more capacity for mental work. Eventually, nootropics cause an improvement to the health and functioning of your brain. This is big news for the future of research into degenerative cognitive diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease and Dementia. Some studies have suggested that the drugs can even repair damage to brain cells, as well as prevent people from getting neurodegenerative illnesses.

Captagon is a drug which acts on the body like amphetamine. It is not banned in most countries due to its potential for addiction and abuse. The key with any drug is to use it as directed, and to always be aware that everyone’s body chemistry is different. You may or may not get side effects. You have one body, so treat it with respect.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *